An Eagle and a rat

My dear Kacvey,

Here are 2 sets of articles that your students could study about how the President of the US respects the US Constitution and how the weak strongman tramples and abuses the Khmer Constitution and uses it as his toilets paper.

1) CNN: Biden says he’s instructed the Justice Department to address unruly passengers on planes
https://www.cnn.com/2021/10/07/politics/joe-biden-chicago-vaccine-requirements/index.html

2) Reuters: Cambodia PM seeks barring of duel citizenship for holders of top posts
https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/cambodia-pm-seeks-barring-duel-citizenship-holders-top-posts-2021-10-06/

2a) Thmey Thmey: កម្ពុជា ត្រៀមកែរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ ឲ្យមេដឹកនាំកំពូល៤រូប មានសញ្ជាតិខ្មែរតែមួយ
https://thmeythmey.com/?page=detail&id=108423

2b) Cambodianess: Allegations of Cypriot Citizenship Prompt PM Hun Sen to Amend Constitution
https://cambodianess.com/article/allegations-of-cypriot-citizenship-prompt-pm-hun-sen-to-amend-constitution

2c) VOA: រឿង​សញ្ជាតិ​ដ៏ចម្រូង​ចម្រាស​នាំឲ្យ​កម្ពុជា​ត្រូវ​ធ្វើ​ច្បាប់​កំណត់​សញ្ជាតិ​ខ្មែរ​សម្រាប់​តំណែង​នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី
https://khmer.voanews.com/a/controversial-nationality-issue-leads-cambodia-to-make-law-for-only-khmer-fit-with-pm-role/6261058.html?

2d) The Diplomat: Cambodia Considers Dual Citizenship Ban for High Office Holders
https://thediplomat.com/2021/10/cambodia-considers-dual-citizenship-ban-for-high-office-holders/

That’s also one of the many fundamental differences between the exercise of power in Western democracy and inside the ex-KR-turned-corrupt-autocracy.

H.R. 4686: Cambodia Democracy Act of 2021

My dear Kacvey,

Here is the full text of the bill H.R. 4686: Cambodia Democracy Act of 2021 that the U.S. Congress had overwhelmingly voted for on 26 October 2021; the hyperlink provides the full extent of the act and the text in pdf format.

Hope your students will study it thoroughly to enlarge and enhance their knowledge of democracy and the freedom of their thinking.

117th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 4686

AN ACT

To promote free and fair elections, political freedoms, and human rights in Cambodia, and for other purposes.

Section 1. Short title
This Act may be cited as the Cambodia Democracy Act of 2021.

Section 2. Findings
Congress finds the following:

(1) Prime Minister Hun Sen has been in power in Cambodia since 1985 and is the longest-serving leader in Southeast Asia. Despite decades of international attention and assistance to promote a pluralistic, multi-party democratic system in Cambodia, the Government of Cambodia continues to be undemocratically dominated by the ruling Cambodia People’s Party (CPP), which controls every agency and security apparatus of the state.

(2) The Government of Cambodia has taken several measures, particularly since 2017 and during the COVID–19 pandemic, to restrict Cambodia’s space for civil society and media environment, especially through politicized tax investigations against independent media outlets.

(3) On September 3, 2017, Kem Sokha, the President of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was arrested on politically motivated charges and faces up to 30 years in prison. On November 16, 2017, Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the CNRP, eliminating the primary opposition party. While Kem Sokha is no longer in prison, his movements are restricted, he is prohibited from engaging in political activity, and his charges remain pending. The CNRP’s previous leader, Sam Rainsy, remains in unofficial exile, and has been prevented from returning to the country.

(4) Since the CNRP’s dissolution, the Government of Cambodia has arrested, imprisoned, or brought politically motivated charges against CNRP leaders and activists. Starting in November 2020, the Government of Cambodia has held a series of mass trials for over 100 individuals affiliated with the CNRP.

(5) Since 1991, the elections that have taken place in Cambodia were conducted in circumstances that were not free, fair, and credible or were marked by fraud, intimidation, violence, and the government’s misuse of legal mechanisms to weaken opposition candidates and parties.

(6) The United States is committed to promoting democracy, human rights, and the rule of law in Cambodia. The United States continues to urge the Government of Cambodia to immediately drop charges against Kem Sokha, reinstate the political status of the CNRP and restore its elected seats in the National Assembly, and support electoral reform efforts in Cambodia with free, fair, and credible elections monitored by international observers.

Section. 3. Sanctions relating to undermining democracy in Cambodia

(a) Designation of persons responsible for undermining democracy in Cambodia

(1) In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall designate and transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a list of

(A) each senior official of the government, military, or security forces of Cambodia who the President determines has directly and substantially undermined democracy in Cambodia;

(B) each senior official of the government, military, or security forces of Cambodia who the President determines has committed or directed serious human rights violations associated with undermining democracy in Cambodia; and

(C) entities owned or controlled by senior officials of the government, military, or security forces of Cambodia described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).

(2) Imposition of sanctions

The President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) on each foreign person designated pursuant to paragraph (1).

(3) Updates

The President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees updated lists under paragraph (1) as new information becomes available.

(b) Sanctions described

The sanctions described in this subsection are the following:

(1) Asset blocking

The President shall exercise all of the powers granted to the President under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property of a foreign person designated under subsection (a) if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person.

(2) Inadmissibility for visas, admission, or parole

(A) Visas, admission, or parole

A foreign person designated under subsection (a) is
(i) inadmissible to the United States;
(ii) ineligible to receive a visa or other documentation to enter the United States; and
(iii) otherwise ineligible to be admitted or paroled into the United States or to receive any other benefit under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).

(B) Current visas revoked

A foreign person designated under subsection (a) is subject to the following:

(i) In general
The foreign person is subject to revocation of any visa or other entry documentation regardless of when the visa or other entry documentation is or was issued.

(ii) Immediate effect
A revocation under clause (i) shall
(I) take effect immediately; and
(II) automatically cancel any other valid visa or entry documentation that is in the foreign person’s possession.

(C) Exception to comply with international obligations

Sanctions under this paragraph shall not apply with respect to a foreign person if admitting or paroling the person into the United States is necessary to permit the United States to comply with the Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947, between the United Nations and the United States, or other applicable international obligations.

(3) Penalties

The penalties provided for in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) shall apply to a foreign person that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of paragraph (1) to the same extent that such penalties apply to a person that commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of such section 206.

(c) Implementation

The President may exercise all authorities provided under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out this section.

(d) Waiver

The President may waive the application of sanctions described in subsection (b) with respect to a person designated under subsection (a) if the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that such waiver is in the national interest of the United States.

(e) Exception relating to importation of goods

(1) In general
The authorities and requirements to impose sanctions authorized under this Act shall not include the authority or requirement to impose sanctions on the importation of goods.

(2) Good defined
In this subsection, the term good means any article, natural or man-made substance, material, supply or manufactured product, including inspection and test equipment, and excluding technical data.

Section4. Suspension of sanctions

(a) Suspension

The sanctions described in section 3 may be suspended for up to 1-year upon certification by the President to the appropriate congressional committees that Cambodia is making meaningful progress toward the following:

(1) Ending government efforts to undermine democracy.
(2) Ending human rights violations associated with undermining democracy.
(3) Conducting free and fair elections which allow for the active participation of credible opposition candidates.

(b) Renewal of suspension
The suspension described in subsection (a) may be renewed for additional, consecutive-day periods if the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that Cambodia is continuing to make meaningful progress towards satisfying the conditions described in such subsection during the previous year.

Section 5. Determination of budgetary effects

The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

Section 6. Sunset

This Act shall terminate on the date that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

Section 7. Definitions

In this Act:

(1) Appropriate congressional committees
The term appropriate congressional committees means the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.

(2) Person

(A) In general
The term person means
(i) a natural person; or
(ii) a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, financial institution, insurer, underwriter, guarantor, and any other business organization, any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group, and any governmental entity operating as a business enterprise or any successor to any entity described in this clause.

(B) Application to governmental entities

The term person does not include a government or governmental entity that is not operating as a business enterprise.

(3) United States person
The term United States person means

(A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or

(B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States or of any jurisdiction of the United States, including a foreign branch of such an entity.[END]

Is the Weak Strongman Scared of his No. 2?

My dear Kacvey,

What do your students feel about the “private visit” by the deputy prime minister and minister of interior to France while the “Parisian exiled” is visiting his supporters in the US, and the crude from Apsara oilfield is in Indonesian custody?

Going through the following reporting:
– Cambodianess: Ministry Rules out Kheng Meeting with CNRP
– The Cambodia Daily: ក្រុម​ឃ្លាំមើល​ថា​លោក ស ខេង បង្ហាញ​ពី​គំរូ​ល្អ​ចំពោះ​ការ​ផ្ទេរ​ភារកិច្ច​ពេល​លោក​អវត្តមាន​ពី​ការងារ
– Cambodianess: Authorities to Treat as Offense the Rumors Spread re: Interior Minister Sar Kheng
– RFA: អ្នក​វិភាគ​ថា ​លោក​សម រង្ស៊ី ​បង្ហោះ​សារ​ឱ្យលោក​ ស ខេង​ ចូល​រួម​បង្កើត​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​បង្រួបបង្រួម​ជាតិ​មិន​អាច​ទៅ​រួច​ទេ​
– VOA: អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃចោទ​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ថា​ផ្សាយ​ព័ត៌មាន​ក្លែងក្លាយ​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​លោក ស ខេង
– The Cambodia Daily: មន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ​កំពុង​ស្រាវជ្រាវ​ចាប់​អ្នក​បំភ្លៃ​ព័ត៌មាន​ថា​លោក ស ខេង មាន​ជំនួប​ជាមួយ​លោក សម រង្ស៉ី នៅ​បារាំង
one can’t stop wondering how high would be the level of panic and the intensity of fear that the weak strongman must be experiencing, on top of the pandemic, Delta variant, increasing number of infected citizens, deaths, lockdown, state of emergency, bankrupt economy, closed schools and factories, low level of water in the Mekong and Tonlé Sap during the raining season, prisons filled with political prisoners, isolation in regional geopolitics …

Meanwhile the deputy prime minister is maintaining his silence letting his ministry speculating at the same level as those who speculate on the issue. Is he reluctant to extinguish the fire because his firetrucks are out of commission?

Paris has always been a favorite place for Cambodian politicians and enemies to thrash out their divergence like, the meeting with Sihanouk in December 1988 , 1991 Paris Peace Accords, secret meeting leading to the return to Cambodia of the “Parisian exiled” in 2013 and the creation of the national election commission that has become a shoe shiner to the weak strongman …

Does the deputy prime minster have historical medical records in France similar to the weak strongman in Singapore in 2017 and in 2019?

It looks like the chess game has entered a final stage where, with less pieces on the board, the weak strongman is playing desperate defense with the clock keeps on ticking.

Cambodia Democracy in Two Acts

My dear Kacvey,

It looks like the train of US policy on Cambodia is hitting a high speed in Washington. Right after the visit by the Deputy Secretary of States, Wendy Sherman, to Phnom Penh in June 2021, the US legislative branch has been taking tremendous steps to go side by side with the White House.

On 28 July 2021, Congressmen Steve Chabot and Alan Lowenthal had endeavored to have the “Cambodia Democracy Act” UNANIMOUSLY and favorably voted by the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

On 5 August 2021, Senators Ed Markey, Marco Rubio and Dick Durbin jointly undertook to introduce legislation “Cambodia Democracy and Human Rights Act” to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee.

The weak strongman may brush it off arguing that he had seen these maneuvers before, and that wouldn’t give him sleepless nights or further increase his blood pressure. So be it for himself!

While you and your students are going to study the situation as time goes by, one thing that seems not to be seen by the weak strongman is that his two foreign masters have no “counterweights” to Washington initiatives in their respective capitals of Inner River and Northern Capital. Northern Capital might continue to flow more money to the weak strongman’s pockets in the name of unshakable and historical friendship, development and BRI, whereas Inner River, while snubbing the weak strongman, is shaking the US hands joyfully and cooperatively day after day.

The US has written Cambodia Democracy in two acts; will the third and final one be the crowning of Democracy in Cambodia?

Exeunt the ex-KR-turned-corrupt-autocrat?

“Now it is a failure”

My dear Kacvey,

A few hours ago, this title from AFP flashed throughout the world: “Hun Sen declares oil extraction a ‘failure’ for Cambodia”

No comments are needed to steer your discussions on the topics between you and your students. Suffice to show the thread of history to tell how the weak strongman has gone from victory to failure:

– Phnom Penh Post: Cambodia extracts ‘first drop of oil’, marking start of production
– SCMP: Cambodia begins first crude oil production in joint venture with Singapore’s KrisEnergy
– Bangkok Post: Cambodia’s Hun Sen hails extraction of country’s ‘first drop of oil’
– Reuters: Cambodia starts first crude oil production after years of delays
– Nikkei Asia: Cambodia pumps its first oil in win for embattled KrisEnergy
– Radio Free Asia: Cambodia Celebrates First Drop of Offshore Oil Despite Major Petroleum Setback
– Phnom Penh Post: Ministers celebrate first oil drops at win-win monument

Jean de la Fontaine taught us about not to celebrate too early when he said: “Never sell the bear’s skin before one has killed the beast.”

Today, the weak strongman admitted: “On Dec 29, we announced the first drop of oil – perhaps now it is a failure”

After 36 years of autocracy, he has signed “failure” as his legacy.

The Weak Strongman Gets Hacked

My dear Kacvey,

You and your students must be scratching your heads when the news about hacking was all over the wire services. Smart Alec outsmarted by a dog?!

For records:
1) The United States Department of Justice: Four Chinese Nationals Working with the Ministry of State Security Charged with Global Computer Intrusion Campaign Targeting Intellectual Property and Confidential Business Information, Including Infectious Disease Research
2) Prak Chan Thul and James Pearson reported for Reuters: Chinese hackers stole Mekong data from Cambodian foreign ministry – sources
3) Sun Reported for VOA: អាមេរិក​ចោទ​ជនជាតិ​ចិន​ថា លួច​ទិន្នន័យ​ពី​កម្ពុជា​ទាក់​ទង​នឹង​ការពិភាក្សា​អំពី​ទន្លេ​មេគង្គ
US Indictment Alleges Chinese Hack of Cambodian Ministry

Well, as American justice takes its course, would you, Kacvey, expand this short rhyme into something more poetic for your students:

The weak strongman gets fooled by its master
Hacking its mfaic over issue of Mekong River.

Meanwhile, Inner River is laughing louder and louder;
Its infidel old valet has become indignant to Ho’s honor.

A valet serving two masters, sooner or later,
Will surely end up in a catastrophic Ta Khmao sewer.

When The Weak Strongman Is Also A Hypocrite

My dear Kacvey,

Do you happen to know that the weak strongman came out of his 2nd quarantine wearing a robe of hypocrisy in front of the public?

This is what the media reported today:
– Phnom Penh Post: លោក​នាយក​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី អំពាវនាវ​ដល់​ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋឱ្យ​ថែរក្សា​ការពារ​ព្រៃឈើ
– VOD: នាយក​រដ្ឋ​មន្ត្រី​​អំពាវ​នាវ​ឱ្យ​​ពលរដ្ឋ​​ការពារ​និង​ដាំដុះ​ព្រៃឈើ​ដើម្បី​​មនុស្ស​គ្រប់​ជំនាន់

Does he still have a sense of self-respect? Doesn’t he know that hundreds of thousands of hectares of forest have been deforested by members of his Hostile Takeover and sycophantic ah-nhoks? Millions of words have already been written on records documenting how the weak strongman destroys Khmer mountains and forests.

Well, either the weak strongman is totally senile or he is completely sick in the head.

Adlai Stevenson I, once, said: “A hypocrite is the kind of politician who would cut down a redwood tree, then mount the stump and make a speech for conservation.”

Kacvey, please advice your students to fasten very tight their seat belts. The weak strongman is getting weaker and weaker: politically, mind and body.

The Deputy vs. PM

My dear Kacvey,

In a cavern inside the City of Tonlé Buon Mouk, is the war between the “prime minister” and his 1st deputy now open to public view?

You may wish to closely analyze these 2 articles since you live right in the middle of the axis between the residences of the weak strongman and of the “deputy”:
1) Cambodianess: “Confiscated Lion Returned to Chinese Owner Following PM Hun Sen’s Intervention” by reporter/journalist Phoung Vantha, and
2) Phnom Penh Post: “Sar Kheng: No violence towards protesters” by reporter/journalist Voun Dara.

Is the weak strongman now trying to tell the world that not only he screwed his government front and back by stupidly reversing his own Ministry of Environment action just to please his Northern Capital master but also by so dying he is the worst imbecile and sick among world autocrats, past and present?

Kacvey, would you happen to know whether the weak strongman and the deputy talk to each other, and why the deputy was not at the meeting with U.S. Deputy State Secretary when the issues of human rights, arrest and jailing of opposition politicians and activist were discussed?

Rumors of dissention inside the corrupt people party has been in the air for quite sometime, is this the 1st of ray of light out of that tunnel of secrecy after 37 years of ex-KR rules, corruption as high as Mount Everest and wide as the Pacific ocean, and the selling of land, lakes, rivers, seashores, swamps, forests, rice fields, sands and mountains to 2 groups of foreigners?

The weak strongman was so silent on the issue of eviction of floating houses on the Mekong, and now becomes so vocal on the lion owned by that hideous Chinese man? Is he now the unconditional defender of the Chinese man inhumanely atrocious and illegal action?

There is common denominator between the Chinese man and the weak strongman: their attitude of cruelty against living creatures. The weak strongman arrests and jails opposition politicians and activists with bogus and trumped charges. The hideous Chinese man deteethed and denailed the lion, a torture method in ancient time and similar to what went on in Tuol Sleng under the KR, to which the weak strongman belonged before he fled to the neighboring country to seek help in 1977.

How Sick Could The Weak Strongman Be?

My dear Kacvey,

While he is undergoing his second quarantine in less than year (1st quarantine in November 2020), he openly told the world that he is also taking traditional Chinese medicine “lianhua qinqwen 连花清瘟” as per these 3 articles from VOA and VOD:

1) លោកហ៊ុនសែនថាលោក​ប្រើថ្នាំ​បុរាណ​ចិន​«ការពារបន្ថែម»ទោះ​មន្ត្រី​សុខាភិបាល​ប្រាប់​ពលរដ្ឋ​ឱ្យ​ជៀសវាង​ការប្រើប្រាស់​ដែល​មិន​ចាំបាច់
2) Hun Sen Contradicts Senior Health Official Over Use of Traditional Medicines
3) Fearing ‘Third Wave,’ Hun Sen Talks Unused Ventilators, Herbal Remedies, Buying Up 80 Percent of Coffins in Stock

Whether he’s taking it with or without his doctor’s recommendation is his exercise of his freedom (if he knows what freedom is for other people!) and he’s the sole person responsible for his own action. Inch Allah!

The main point of this letter is the questions:
1) How sick the weak strongman is?
2) If he’s quarantined because he was assumed to be “near” or “in contact” with people who had Covid or were tested positive, why taking lianhua and bragging about it?
3) Inversely, because he takes lianhua, wasn’t he then tested positive or in other words “sick”?
4) Is lianhua a preventive or a curative medicine, or both?
5) What idiot would take a curative medicine if he/she is not sick?
6) Has Covid found its way to connect with the two hospitalizations in Singapore?

Hope doctors at Takhmao lair behave differently from those at the White House under the 45th!

Vaccine and Quarantine

My dear Kacvey,
And Happy Father’s Day!

Wish that your students and you are aware of this latest news as reported by Agence France Presse through Cambodianess: Cambodian PM in quarantine, cancels meeting with UK’s Raab and Bangkok Post: Hun Sen in quarantine, 20 Covid deaths in Cambodia

In your virtual classroom discussions, few things should not be overlooked:
1) the weak strongman was jabbed with AstraZeneca;
2) a noticed novelty: the always-super-arrogant weak strongman used phrases such as: “I apologize …”, and ” I beg for understanding…” Why didn’t or can’t he ever use such words towards Khmer? or could it possibly a sort of case of “terminal lucidity”?
3) His doctors “required he be tested”: What was the test result?
4) His “doctors required he … undergo quarantine for 14 days until July 3.” What did his doctors know?
5) Has his arrogance now had the better of him from his visit to China in February 2020, his greetings extended to Westerdam passengers in Kg Som, his meeting with Hungarian Foreign Minister in November 2020, and his mutism on the daily cases of death reported in Cambodia?

Terminal lucidity is a term coined by German biologist, Michael Nahm,  that refers to an unexpected return of mental clarity and memory, or suddenly regained consciousness that occurs in the time shortly before death.