To Divorce Or Not To Divorce, That is The Question

My dear Kacvey,

Aren’t you tired yet of reading Facebook about the so-called rift between the 2 top leaders of the opposition?

So funny that Facebook or YouTube have become the food for “journalists” to chew on in their reporting and feeding the weak strongman with something that he can laugh on!

Do these 2 persons remember that when the weak strongman “divorced” from his Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot and fled to Vietnam on 21 June 1977, did he “wash his dirty linen” in public?

It is not an absolute strange thing if a political union that was celebrated in Manilla in 2012 can be broken when the partners are thousands of miles apart: one in “open” house arrest in the City of Tonlé Buon Mouk, the other in “own-home exile” in the City of Lights! Union without consumption is bound to be unhappy! Loin des yeux loin du coeur. Out of side out of mind!

Or is it a staged rift by outside-the-party manipulators to test the strength of the the “union”?

Dear Kacvey, please send latest news in coded language!

The Weak Strongman Is Not Invited to “Summit For Democracy”

My dear Kacvey,

Hope, by now, you’ve recovered from the two Summits: Asean-US and Asean-China, the Asean-ASEN (Ooops: Asean-ASEM!) where Tatmadaw Hlaing has been declared person non grata, for which Brunei was very satisfied but the weak strongman, in his capacity of Asean Chair for 2022, was so “uncomfortable” because this was the 1st sign of his inability to satisfy the will of his Northern Capital master.

Just before the start of those meetings, the weak strongman was served by the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Treasury with sanctions against his highest Navy “duck” and another “general” and some members of their family! What an embarrassment in front of the entire world! Corruption can be visible from thousands of miles away!

As things always seem to go in threes, and you may remember our communication on 28 November 2020, the 2nd one was that the weak strongman was not served with an invite from the U.S. President to the Summit For Democracy scheduled for 9-10 December 2021. Democracy is like a precious dish that only those who respect and honor it can have the privilege of being entertained with. For the consolation of the weak strongman, may be someone else would organize a Summit For Autocracy, or Summit for Dictators, or Summit For-One-Party-Rules, or Summit For Corrupt ex-Communist Leaders, etc… to which the weak strongman would quite certainly be on a golden list of invitees and vermillion carpet he would proudly walk on displaying his insane luxury watches at his wrist! Well, the weak strongman can use 9-10 December 2021 to sharpen his game of golf if he’s invited by other autocrats to their golf courses or if he can still walk from the cart to the tee boxes or to the greens! Hope the weak strongman would not crash the Summit like he shamelessly did to the opposition meeting

The 3rd one was that the weak strongman was served with sharp critics by the opposition interim president in his speech to his party members in Philadelphia. Having heard and seen what the opposition leader said, the weak strongman went berserk in a speech in Kg Cham as if all the screws in his body went loose! He showed the world that he’s still a hard core Khmer Rouge that destroying Cambodia and Khmer are always in his agenda no matter where he is and what he says or does.

Pope Benedict XVI warned: “We are moving toward a dictatorship of relativism which does not recognize anything as for certain and which has as its highest goal one’s own ego and one’s own desires.” That is the weak strongman of nowadays Cambodia.

Tea & Chau Sanctioned by the United States

My dear Kacvey,

What a sad day for the entourage of the weak strongman, aka the ex-KR-turned-most-corrupt-autocrat-in- Southeast-Asia!
As soon as the Australian foreign minister left Phnom Penh and the suzerain for Paris and on the heel of his threat to arrest any demonstrators or activists, the U.S. government issued these 3 communications for the whole world to be aware of:

1) U.S. Department of Treasury
Treasury Targets Corrupt Military Officials in Cambodia

2) U.S. Department of State
Public Designation of Cambodian Officials Due to Involvement in Significant Corruption

3) U.S. Department of State
Cambodia Business Advisory on High-Risk Investments and Interactions

24 hours later, VOA reported:
“វីអូអេ​ មិនទាន់​អាច​ទាក់​ទង​សុំការ​អត្ថាធិប្បាយ​ ពី​នាយ​ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍​ ចៅ​ ភិរុណ និង​នាយឧត្តមសេនីយ៍​ ទៀ វិញ ​បាន​ទេ​ ដោយ​លោក​ទាំងពីរ​ មិន​ទទួល​ទូរស័ព្ទ។
លោក កុយ​ គួង​ អ្នកនាំពាក្យ​ក្រសួងការ​បរទេស​កម្ពុជា​ មិន​ឆ្លើយ​សំណួរ​ដែលបាន​ផ្ញើតាម​ប្រព័ន្ធ​ទំនាក់​ទំនង​ WhatsApp នៅថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍​នេះ។
ចំណែក​កូនប្រុស​មួយរូប​របស់​លោក ទៀ​ វិញ​ គឺលោក​ ទៀ វិចិត្រ​ បានទទួល​ទូរសព្ទ័​រួច​ផ្តាច់​ចោល​វិញ។ វីអូអេ​ ក៏មិន​អាច​សុំការ​អធិប្បាយ​ពីអ្នកនាំពាក្យក្រសួង​ការពារជាតិ​នាយឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ ​ឈុំ​ សុជាត បាន​ដែរ។”

These clowns don’t even make their own sycophantic spectators laughing anymore. When will hey leave the circus?

Little by little, the “corrupt people party” reveals the faces and deeds of its members, remnants of the Pol Pot Khmer Rouge, that continue to destroy Cambodia for their own, personal and immediate interests, and also for the long-term interests of their foreign masters they have failed to see because CORRUPTION has blinded their eyes and drugged their blood.

On the 68th Independence of Cambodia: The Dependent Independence

My dear Kacvey,

68 years ago, Sihanouk succeeded to end the protectorate from France.

68 years after the declaration of Independence from France, the weak and corrupt ex-KR begins the vassalization and Chinafication of Cambodia with this line in front of the entire world: “If I don’t rely on China, who will I rely on? If I don’t ask China, who am I to ask?

King Norodom would now turn in his stupa as he would never debased himself to have said such a servile thing when he signed the protectorate treaty in 1863.

Please archive this Nikkei Asia article of 20 May 2021 for historical records: Cambodia’s Hun Sen: ‘If I don’t rely on China, who will I rely on?’

With a total debt to foreigners estimated at about US$10 billions, Independence for Cambodia is not only a meaningless word but also a return to a style of dependence with Chinese characteristics.

When a Dictator Voted for his Own Dictatorial Constitutional Amendment

My dear Kacvey,

Below is a short string of articles that might facilitate your students to understand the story how the weak strongman manipulated – with the complicity of his sycophants and bondsmen in different national institutions – the Constitution of Cambodia to serve his own interest in sustaining his most corrupt autocracy in South East Asia:

Reuters – 6 October 2021
Cambodia PM seeks barring of duel citizenship for holders of top posts

Cambodianess – 6 October 2021
Allegations of Cypriot Citizenship Prompt PM Hun Sen to Amend Constitution

SFGate – 25 October 2021
Cambodia amends charter to bar dual citizens from top office

Phnom Penh Post – 25 October 2021
Single-citizenship mandate passed with unanimous vote

Radio Free Asia – 25 October 2021
តំណាង​រាស្ត្រ​បក្ស​ប្រឆាំងរិះគន់​ថា ​រដ្ឋ​សភា​ឯក​បក្ស​​​កែ​រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ ដោយ​ឥត​ប្រយោជន៍ ព្រោះ​មិន​ហ៊ាន​ជំទាស់​ចិត្ត​លោក ហ៊ុន សែន

Voice of America – 25 October 2021
រដ្ឋសភា​កម្ពុជា អនុម័ត​ទាំងស្រុង​លើ​សេចក្តី​ព្រាង​វិសោធនកម្ម​រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ​«សញ្ជាតិ​ខ្មែរ​តែ​មួយ​គត់»

The Cambodia Daily – 26 October 2021
Cambodia amends charter to bar dual citizens from top office

Cambodia amends charter to bar dual citizens from top office

Voice of America – 27 October 2021
Correction by British Paper Shows How Cambodia Should Handle Media Mistakes, Analysts Say

UCA News – 5 November 2021
Cambodian king promulgates law to end Khmer Rouge tribunal

Voice of America – 5 November 2021
ច្បាប់​កំណត់​សញ្ជាតិ​ខ្មែរ​តែ​មួយ​សម្រាប់​តំណែង​កំពូល​របស់​រដ្ឋ​ចំនួន​បួន ចូល​ជា​ធរមាន

Despite the correction made by The Guardian, the weak and corrupt strongman remained stubborn to amend the Constitution to forcibly submit the country to its “so-called democratic” autocracy.

An Eagle and a rat

My dear Kacvey,

Here are 2 sets of articles that your students could study about how the President of the US respects the US Constitution and how the weak strongman tramples and abuses the Khmer Constitution and uses it as his toilets paper.

1) CNN: Biden says he’s instructed the Justice Department to address unruly passengers on planes

2) Reuters: Cambodia PM seeks barring of duel citizenship for holders of top posts

2a) Thmey Thmey: កម្ពុជា ត្រៀមកែរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ ឲ្យមេដឹកនាំកំពូល៤រូប មានសញ្ជាតិខ្មែរតែមួយ

2b) Cambodianess: Allegations of Cypriot Citizenship Prompt PM Hun Sen to Amend Constitution

2c) VOA: រឿង​សញ្ជាតិ​ដ៏ចម្រូង​ចម្រាស​នាំឲ្យ​កម្ពុជា​ត្រូវ​ធ្វើ​ច្បាប់​កំណត់​សញ្ជាតិ​ខ្មែរ​សម្រាប់​តំណែង​នាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី

2d) The Diplomat: Cambodia Considers Dual Citizenship Ban for High Office Holders

That’s also one of the many fundamental differences between the exercise of power in Western democracy and inside the ex-KR-turned-corrupt-autocracy.

H.R. 4686: Cambodia Democracy Act of 2021

My dear Kacvey,

Here is the full text of the bill H.R. 4686: Cambodia Democracy Act of 2021 that the U.S. Congress had overwhelmingly voted for on 26 October 2021; the hyperlink provides the full extent of the act and the text in pdf format.

Hope your students will study it thoroughly to enlarge and enhance their knowledge of democracy and the freedom of their thinking.

1st Session
H. R. 4686


To promote free and fair elections, political freedoms, and human rights in Cambodia, and for other purposes.

Section 1. Short title
This Act may be cited as the Cambodia Democracy Act of 2021.

Section 2. Findings
Congress finds the following:

(1) Prime Minister Hun Sen has been in power in Cambodia since 1985 and is the longest-serving leader in Southeast Asia. Despite decades of international attention and assistance to promote a pluralistic, multi-party democratic system in Cambodia, the Government of Cambodia continues to be undemocratically dominated by the ruling Cambodia People’s Party (CPP), which controls every agency and security apparatus of the state.

(2) The Government of Cambodia has taken several measures, particularly since 2017 and during the COVID–19 pandemic, to restrict Cambodia’s space for civil society and media environment, especially through politicized tax investigations against independent media outlets.

(3) On September 3, 2017, Kem Sokha, the President of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was arrested on politically motivated charges and faces up to 30 years in prison. On November 16, 2017, Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the CNRP, eliminating the primary opposition party. While Kem Sokha is no longer in prison, his movements are restricted, he is prohibited from engaging in political activity, and his charges remain pending. The CNRP’s previous leader, Sam Rainsy, remains in unofficial exile, and has been prevented from returning to the country.

(4) Since the CNRP’s dissolution, the Government of Cambodia has arrested, imprisoned, or brought politically motivated charges against CNRP leaders and activists. Starting in November 2020, the Government of Cambodia has held a series of mass trials for over 100 individuals affiliated with the CNRP.

(5) Since 1991, the elections that have taken place in Cambodia were conducted in circumstances that were not free, fair, and credible or were marked by fraud, intimidation, violence, and the government’s misuse of legal mechanisms to weaken opposition candidates and parties.

(6) The United States is committed to promoting democracy, human rights, and the rule of law in Cambodia. The United States continues to urge the Government of Cambodia to immediately drop charges against Kem Sokha, reinstate the political status of the CNRP and restore its elected seats in the National Assembly, and support electoral reform efforts in Cambodia with free, fair, and credible elections monitored by international observers.

Section. 3. Sanctions relating to undermining democracy in Cambodia

(a) Designation of persons responsible for undermining democracy in Cambodia

(1) In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall designate and transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a list of

(A) each senior official of the government, military, or security forces of Cambodia who the President determines has directly and substantially undermined democracy in Cambodia;

(B) each senior official of the government, military, or security forces of Cambodia who the President determines has committed or directed serious human rights violations associated with undermining democracy in Cambodia; and

(C) entities owned or controlled by senior officials of the government, military, or security forces of Cambodia described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).

(2) Imposition of sanctions

The President shall impose the sanctions described in subsection (b) on each foreign person designated pursuant to paragraph (1).

(3) Updates

The President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees updated lists under paragraph (1) as new information becomes available.

(b) Sanctions described

The sanctions described in this subsection are the following:

(1) Asset blocking

The President shall exercise all of the powers granted to the President under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to the extent necessary to block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property of a foreign person designated under subsection (a) if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person.

(2) Inadmissibility for visas, admission, or parole

(A) Visas, admission, or parole

A foreign person designated under subsection (a) is
(i) inadmissible to the United States;
(ii) ineligible to receive a visa or other documentation to enter the United States; and
(iii) otherwise ineligible to be admitted or paroled into the United States or to receive any other benefit under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).

(B) Current visas revoked

A foreign person designated under subsection (a) is subject to the following:

(i) In general
The foreign person is subject to revocation of any visa or other entry documentation regardless of when the visa or other entry documentation is or was issued.

(ii) Immediate effect
A revocation under clause (i) shall
(I) take effect immediately; and
(II) automatically cancel any other valid visa or entry documentation that is in the foreign person’s possession.

(C) Exception to comply with international obligations

Sanctions under this paragraph shall not apply with respect to a foreign person if admitting or paroling the person into the United States is necessary to permit the United States to comply with the Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947, between the United Nations and the United States, or other applicable international obligations.

(3) Penalties

The penalties provided for in subsections (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) shall apply to a foreign person that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of paragraph (1) to the same extent that such penalties apply to a person that commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of such section 206.

(c) Implementation

The President may exercise all authorities provided under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out this section.

(d) Waiver

The President may waive the application of sanctions described in subsection (b) with respect to a person designated under subsection (a) if the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that such waiver is in the national interest of the United States.

(e) Exception relating to importation of goods

(1) In general
The authorities and requirements to impose sanctions authorized under this Act shall not include the authority or requirement to impose sanctions on the importation of goods.

(2) Good defined
In this subsection, the term good means any article, natural or man-made substance, material, supply or manufactured product, including inspection and test equipment, and excluding technical data.

Section4. Suspension of sanctions

(a) Suspension

The sanctions described in section 3 may be suspended for up to 1-year upon certification by the President to the appropriate congressional committees that Cambodia is making meaningful progress toward the following:

(1) Ending government efforts to undermine democracy.
(2) Ending human rights violations associated with undermining democracy.
(3) Conducting free and fair elections which allow for the active participation of credible opposition candidates.

(b) Renewal of suspension
The suspension described in subsection (a) may be renewed for additional, consecutive-day periods if the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that Cambodia is continuing to make meaningful progress towards satisfying the conditions described in such subsection during the previous year.

Section 5. Determination of budgetary effects

The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

Section 6. Sunset

This Act shall terminate on the date that is 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

Section 7. Definitions

In this Act:

(1) Appropriate congressional committees
The term appropriate congressional committees means the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.

(2) Person

(A) In general
The term person means
(i) a natural person; or
(ii) a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, financial institution, insurer, underwriter, guarantor, and any other business organization, any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group, and any governmental entity operating as a business enterprise or any successor to any entity described in this clause.

(B) Application to governmental entities

The term person does not include a government or governmental entity that is not operating as a business enterprise.

(3) United States person
The term United States person means

(A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or

(B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States or of any jurisdiction of the United States, including a foreign branch of such an entity.[END]

Is the Weak Strongman Scared of his No. 2?

My dear Kacvey,

What do your students feel about the “private visit” by the deputy prime minister and minister of interior to France while the “Parisian exiled” is visiting his supporters in the US, and the crude from Apsara oilfield is in Indonesian custody?

Going through the following reporting:
– Cambodianess: Ministry Rules out Kheng Meeting with CNRP
– The Cambodia Daily: ក្រុម​ឃ្លាំមើល​ថា​លោក ស ខេង បង្ហាញ​ពី​គំរូ​ល្អ​ចំពោះ​ការ​ផ្ទេរ​ភារកិច្ច​ពេល​លោក​អវត្តមាន​ពី​ការងារ
– Cambodianess: Authorities to Treat as Offense the Rumors Spread re: Interior Minister Sar Kheng
– RFA: អ្នក​វិភាគ​ថា ​លោក​សម រង្ស៊ី ​បង្ហោះ​សារ​ឱ្យលោក​ ស ខេង​ ចូល​រួម​បង្កើត​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​បង្រួបបង្រួម​ជាតិ​មិន​អាច​ទៅ​រួច​ទេ​
– VOA: អ្នក​នាំ​ពាក្យ​ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃចោទ​លោក សម រង្ស៊ី ថា​ផ្សាយ​ព័ត៌មាន​ក្លែងក្លាយ​ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​លោក ស ខេង
– The Cambodia Daily: មន្ត្រី​ក្រសួង​មហាផ្ទៃ​កំពុង​ស្រាវជ្រាវ​ចាប់​អ្នក​បំភ្លៃ​ព័ត៌មាន​ថា​លោក ស ខេង មាន​ជំនួប​ជាមួយ​លោក សម រង្ស៉ី នៅ​បារាំង
one can’t stop wondering how high would be the level of panic and the intensity of fear that the weak strongman must be experiencing, on top of the pandemic, Delta variant, increasing number of infected citizens, deaths, lockdown, state of emergency, bankrupt economy, closed schools and factories, low level of water in the Mekong and Tonlé Sap during the raining season, prisons filled with political prisoners, isolation in regional geopolitics …

Meanwhile the deputy prime minister is maintaining his silence letting his ministry speculating at the same level as those who speculate on the issue. Is he reluctant to extinguish the fire because his firetrucks are out of commission?

Paris has always been a favorite place for Cambodian politicians and enemies to thrash out their divergence like, the meeting with Sihanouk in December 1988 , 1991 Paris Peace Accords, secret meeting leading to the return to Cambodia of the “Parisian exiled” in 2013 and the creation of the national election commission that has become a shoe shiner to the weak strongman …

Does the deputy prime minster have historical medical records in France similar to the weak strongman in Singapore in 2017 and in 2019?

It looks like the chess game has entered a final stage where, with less pieces on the board, the weak strongman is playing desperate defense with the clock keeps on ticking.

Cambodia Democracy in Two Acts

My dear Kacvey,

It looks like the train of US policy on Cambodia is hitting a high speed in Washington. Right after the visit by the Deputy Secretary of States, Wendy Sherman, to Phnom Penh in June 2021, the US legislative branch has been taking tremendous steps to go side by side with the White House.

On 28 July 2021, Congressmen Steve Chabot and Alan Lowenthal had endeavored to have the “Cambodia Democracy Act” UNANIMOUSLY and favorably voted by the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

On 5 August 2021, Senators Ed Markey, Marco Rubio and Dick Durbin jointly undertook to introduce legislation “Cambodia Democracy and Human Rights Act” to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee.

The weak strongman may brush it off arguing that he had seen these maneuvers before, and that wouldn’t give him sleepless nights or further increase his blood pressure. So be it for himself!

While you and your students are going to study the situation as time goes by, one thing that seems not to be seen by the weak strongman is that his two foreign masters have no “counterweights” to Washington initiatives in their respective capitals of Inner River and Northern Capital. Northern Capital might continue to flow more money to the weak strongman’s pockets in the name of unshakable and historical friendship, development and BRI, whereas Inner River, while snubbing the weak strongman, is shaking the US hands joyfully and cooperatively day after day.

The US has written Cambodia Democracy in two acts; will the third and final one be the crowning of Democracy in Cambodia?

Exeunt the ex-KR-turned-corrupt-autocrat?

“Now it is a failure”

My dear Kacvey,

A few hours ago, this title from AFP flashed throughout the world: “Hun Sen declares oil extraction a ‘failure’ for Cambodia”

No comments are needed to steer your discussions on the topics between you and your students. Suffice to show the thread of history to tell how the weak strongman has gone from victory to failure:

– Phnom Penh Post: Cambodia extracts ‘first drop of oil’, marking start of production
– SCMP: Cambodia begins first crude oil production in joint venture with Singapore’s KrisEnergy
– Bangkok Post: Cambodia’s Hun Sen hails extraction of country’s ‘first drop of oil’
– Reuters: Cambodia starts first crude oil production after years of delays
– Nikkei Asia: Cambodia pumps its first oil in win for embattled KrisEnergy
– Radio Free Asia: Cambodia Celebrates First Drop of Offshore Oil Despite Major Petroleum Setback
– Phnom Penh Post: Ministers celebrate first oil drops at win-win monument

Jean de la Fontaine taught us about not to celebrate too early when he said: “Never sell the bear’s skin before one has killed the beast.”

Today, the weak strongman admitted: “On Dec 29, we announced the first drop of oil – perhaps now it is a failure”

After 36 years of autocracy, he has signed “failure” as his legacy.